Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help. Marijuana was decriminalized in Canada in October 2018. Since that time, many Canadian police departments have implemented policies regarding officials using marijuana that would probably shock many Americans. For example, the Vancouver Police Department says that it will not impose any restrictions on their officers for using marijuana while off-duty. The only policy they will enforce is that all officers must be fit for duty when they report to work. It essentially holds them to the same standards as after-hours alcohol consumption.
Changes are happening in the United States as well. In Atlanta, Georgia, which is a state where marijuana use is still illegal, the Atlanta Police Department will no longer ask applicants if they have smoked marijuana and consider its use as a factor in eligibility to join the force. They claim that they have lost too many qualified candidates when asking them about marijuana smoking.
Share your opinions, from both the perspective of a criminal justice administrator working in a state where marijuana use has been decriminalized and from the perspective of a private citizen, on whether criminal justice personnel (in states where it is legal) should be allowed to use marijuana while off-duty. Explain the rationale for your opinions.

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help. This week’s reading provides overview of the research on biological and psychological perspectives, as well as discusses strain and culture deviance theories. After reviewing the reading for week 2, as well as the week 2 discussion articles in the lesson for this week, discuss/debate with your classmates your position pertaining to biological and psychological perspectives of explaining crime. Also, examine at least one theory from the assigned reading that explain crime and articulate why you either strongly agree or disagree with it.
Note: The discussion questions have been designed so that a response of approximately 500 words is typically needed to fully address the subject.  Students should provide supporting materials (references/citations) to demonstrate/acknowledge the source of the information utilized to formulate the response. At least 2 references.
 
Explanations of Crime and Criminal Behavior
Crime brings together honest men and concentrates them. – Émile Durkheim. You may find it interesting that the arguments as to why a person becomes a criminal are a bit similar to why some become leaders. At the center of the argument or more aptly called debate regarding leadership is the question of whether leadership is nature or nurture. Those who believe it is nurture say leaders are made, while those who believe it is nature say leaders are born. The same two points of refer are often debated by criminologist pertaining to criminals. In fact, no one really knows for sure why certain people seem more prone than others to commit crimes. However, there are several theories as to why.
Scholarly debate about theories is good as such discussions often spark more study. This is also likely why there are so many theories and perspectives to consider criminology.
Scholarly theories are the “nuts-and-bolts” of criminology and are applied toward gaining a better understanding of the characteristics of those who choose a life of crime. However, remember, a theory is not a fact, but conclusions and thoughts based on observation of occurrences. The most basic definition of a theory is an educated guess – a guess based on facts and observation.

Nature versus Nurture

Typically scholarly reading indicates theories in support of nature as well as nurture with findings that also contradict the findings. In this lesson, two additional theories will be discussed that are actually based on the more current access that criminal behavior is likely a combination of nature and nurture. The first theory, life-course theory, is based on nature, but nurture does seem to play an unacknowledged role. Somewhat differently, evolutionary neuroandrogenic (ENA) theory is predominately based on nature with nurture referred as playing a supportive type role.

Life-Course Theory

The life-course theory uses the relationship of time and behavior as the foundation in that the factors of age, relationships, changes, and society all in respect to the passage of time are believed to be potent influences of behavior. This particular theory is inclusive of biological, psychological, and spiritual aspects of the human being in relation to their environment over the span of one’s lifetime.
This theory is multidisciplinary due to the development including elements of sociology, anthropology, historical, demographic characteristics, and psychology. This particular theory began as a result of a review of the findings of multiple longitudinal studies of individuals and families with respect to how historical or life events affected family life, education, and employment.
For example, a researcher today may interview the survivors and those personally affected by a school shooting and then continue to revisit these individuals over a span of 10 years. Initially, not only was their family life interrupted in terms of peace and confidence in the simple act of attending school, but also the educative process was interrupted as well as disrupted. Employment in terms of being able to focus on work may also have been difficult. Over time, some of these areas may have changed, but others may have not. According to life-choice theory, the changes that do occur would be determined on several environmental or nature-based factors.
The nature-based factors would be the existence or lack physical support (which is also referred as nurture related), biological issues such as health, and cultural and spiritual beliefs. Each of these factors invariably is referred as determinants as to whether each individual will learn to overcome such a tragedy and become a strong person or choose to give up and even give in to their anger and become criminal in action. There is an old adage that time can heal all wounds. This appears to be the basis for life-course theory in that time is a factor that will either change one’s life for the better or the worse.

The Nature-based Factors

The nature-based factors related to the life-course theory are categorized into five concepts: (a) cohorts, (b) transitions, (c) trajectories, (d) life events, and (e) turning points.
In brief, cohorts could be described as one’s support group, those who are around you, the group to which one belongs not only in terms of family, but also generation. Transitions are defined as changes in one’s course or plan with respect to their role in society, like going from being the eldest child to needing to accept the role of a surrogate parent. The trajectory is the ongoing pattern over an extended period of time in which there has been stability as well as change and includes the various transitions that occur in life. As has already been described, a life event is a far-reaching or impactful occurrence or interruption to the flow of one’s life. Lastly, the turning point is exactly as the name implies, that moment when one’s life is significantly changed either for good or bad. Turning points can be moving a significant distance, witnessing or being strongly affected by a tragedy, or even winning the lottery! In other words, a turning point is a life-altering occurrence. The “bottom line” with respect to life-course theory is how one reacts and responds to life is represented by the choices made. In other words, those who face multiple risks or a major risk in life, such as poverty and neglect, may be influenced to make choices leading to a pattern and life of crime, whereas those who have limited or little risks in their lives are believed to not be as likely to make choices that would lead to crime.
In closing this discussion of life-course theory, one last comment regarding the concept of the cohort. While the cohort is a nature-based or environmental factor, it also involves aspects of nurturing in that those who have a strong and immediate cohort available in terms of support during transitions, as well as life events, the role modeling of this support, serves as a type of nurturing.

ENA Theory

ENA theory more or less “straddles the fence” in terms of nature and nurture. The basic premise of the theory is that criminal activity is learned from being exposed to and having it modeled by others (nurture); however, ENA theorists also hold that the desire or motivation to commit criminal acts is biological or instinctual. In other words, ENA is founded upon evolutionary (learned/nurture) and neurological (nature) concepts.
The support for the belief that criminal activity is learned or a result of evolution is that rehabilitation has been shown to be effective with some criminals. However, there are other criminals, like serial killers, who do not respond favorably to rehabilitation or retraining efforts and ergo, ENA theorists maintain that the urge or desire to continue in criminal activity is not learned, but innately infused within the person’s biological make-up and evolution is at the root of this.
The overall basis for ENA’s biological or nature perspective is that mankind has evolved in terms of what females desire in future mates – the mate to be a strong provider. Therefore, the strong male providers have, over multiple generations, continued to evolve into stronger and more competent providers, which in turn has increased the competition to be referred as the strongest and best. This competition can and has led to criminal behavior, particularly with respect to victimization – the learned part of behavior.
The implication of ENA theory is centered upon the issue that the majority of criminals are males. However, the explanation for female criminal behavior is similarly based on the concept of competition for the most successful provider serves as the motivator to commit criminal activities given the biological factors are present as well as the nurturing effect of having criminal behavior modeled. In other words, females who have the biological tendencies to commit a crime and observe other females’ criminal behaviors resulting in attracting strong providers, leads to their commission of crime due to competition just like the males.
Interestingly, ENA theory focuses more on prevention of criminal behavior. Each of the preventative approaches involves the use of drugs that are designed to modify or alleviate the bio-neurological factors that are believed to cause deviant behavior as well as the inclusion of rehabilitation and retraining of those who have already committed crimes. However, ENA theorists do support the concept of long-term imprisonment of those who have committed serious and or heinous crimes in order to limit their contributions to the gene pool of society.

Conclusion

In conclusion, no one really knows for sure why certain people seem more prone to commit crimes than others and so the debate between nurture and nature continues. Nonetheless, as you have learned, there are several theories based on scholarly research pertaining to biological, psychological, strain, cultural deviance, and other factors that attempt to give some possibilities to consider as to why an individual commits a crime. Although, based on the statistics shown in the image, most tend to believe it is a mixture of both nature and nurture. That said, it is wise to be familiar with these theories, especially if you are in law enforcement or thinking of entering the law enforcement profession as like the earlier cartoons suggest, you may come across one of them being used as a defense or excuse for illegal behavior. Furthermore, these theories and others will provide you with an insight as to what may have influenced someone to lead a life of crime or to commit a specific crime.
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Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help. 1. Explain the differences between general civil liability, tort liability, and vicarious liability, to include the potential civil and criminal ramifications for a law enforcement administrator. Use an example involving a police chief, sheriff, or warden to illustrate your explanation.
Your answer must be at least 500 words in length.
2.
Explain how criminal justice administrators, whether in law enforcement, corrections, or the court system, can hold their employees accountable, both civilly and criminally, for acts of misconduct and negligence.
Your answer must be at least 500 words in length.

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help. each one needs to be few a sentences each.  with references.
1. This chapter discusses the establishment of nationwide databases  containing DNA samples. Do you believe that such a database is vulnerable to misuse by the government? For instance, what if insurance  companies asked for access to these records to discover who had  inheritable diseases and then refused coverage to those people because  they were considered excessive risks? Is such a database a violation of  privacy? Explain your answer.
2. . Several studies show that eyewitness testimony is unreliable. Why then do prosecutors continue to use it and juries continue to expect it?
3. Do certain kinds of evidence carry greater weight than others? For  instance, would you be more likely to believe a person over a photo-  graph? What about a document over a photograph? If a witness testified  differently from a videotape of the same incident, would you give the  videotape more credibility? Would you trust the witness or your own  interpretation of what happened on the videotape? Explain your answer.
4. At various times in the past decades, there have been calls to  abolish the Exclusionary Rule. Give two reasons why abolishing this rule  would be a good idea.
5. List and explain at least two reasons the Exclusionary Rule is a good  idea and should be kept as originally mandated by the U.S. Supreme  Court.

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help. Instructions
300-450 words excluding references, APA format and a minimum of 3 references
Question
Discuss why policing is a stressful occupation. You should identify specific aspects of the work that are stressful. Next, identify ways that police officers can reduce stress.
 
Required
Peak, K. J., &Madensen, T. D. (2018). Introduction to Criminal Justice: practice and process. 3rd Edition. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications, Inc.
 

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help. -What is the legal process for the U.S. Government to access user data as part of criminal investigations?
 

Apple vs. FBI

 
Your group is to read the case and answer the following questions.

  1. What prompted the confrontation between Apple and the FBI?
  2. What is the legal process for the U.S. Government to access user data as part of criminal investigations?
  3. At the time of the case, how did Apple secure data on iPhone?
  4. Explain why Apple denied the FBI access to the phones data and whether Apple had a right to do so.
  5. How did the FBI finally get the data from the iPhone? (may need to research other than the case)

Structure of the paper:

  1. Title page
    1. List the group number
    2. List group members
    3. Date
  2. Abstract (no more than 1 page)
  3. Introduction
  4. Answer the questions from above
  5. References

Format of the paper:

  • Font – Calibri (11 Point)
  • 5 line spacing
  • 1-inch margins
  • References APA style
  • When writing the paper each student should label the part they contributed to the assignment. Example:
    • Introduction (Steven Tharp)
  • Minimum of 5 references

 

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help.

The goal of criminal procedure is to ensure that everyone receives due process from the system. This due process is both procedural and substantive. People end up in prison by either having a trial, pleading guilty, or through the plea bargain process. This project is designed to expose you to the plea bargain process.
REQUIREMENTS:
You are required to read and utilize any reliable sources to provide information to support your written work. To facilitate this, you are required to only use sources available through the Berkeley College Library (See Links).
You are required to properly cite all work in APA and must have a minimum of 3 primary sources and two secondary sources. The Berkeley College Library provides great resources on how to do this (See Links).
The paper shall be a minimum of 6 full pages of your own work, not counting the cover page, works cited page, etc. For each half page short of this requirement 5 points shall be deducted from the overall paper grade.
At a minimum the student shall address the following questions. (The intent is not to simply provide a short answer for these questions but to provide full details with support.)
What are the rights of the accused when it comes to criminal procedure?
What exactly is plea bargaining and how does the plea-bargaining process work?
What are the major factors impacting the use of plea bargains?
What was the role of and the impact of the Court/Judge in this process?
What was the role of and the impact of the Prosecution in this process?
What was the role of and the impact of the Accused/Defense Attorney in this process?
What are the Pros and Cons of plea bargaining?
What is your opinion about the effectiveness of plea bargaining?
Does the current use of plea bargaining serve justice? Be sure to prove your position with facts.
The assignment is due no later than November 28, 2020 11:59.
This assignment (as we have covered in class) should be completed in 3 parts: 1. Research 2.Writing the paper 3. Editing the paper. Each part should be afforded sufficient time to complete the task. It is recommended that at least 3 hours be spent on each.
Any indications of significant cutting and pasting without full APA citation will result in a 0 being awarded for the grade and potential referral to the academic integrity database for investigation. I am including the Berkeley College policy on academic integrity (See Link).
http://berkeleycollege.edu/academics_bc/library/library_home_page.htm http://berkeleycollege.libguides.com/Writing https://berkeleycollege.edu/files_bc/Academic_Integrity_and_Plagiarism_Procedures.pdf

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help.

Thanks so much for making your appointment with me, Kimberly!
As a reminder, please note we only have a set amount of time for your review before we have to move on to our next appointments.  However, during that time, we will be able to cover quite a bit! In addition to this, as a Walden student, you are permitted to have up to two writing appointments per week (and you can send an unlimited about of questions between appointments to our email address I will give you below ????). This means that we can work on this, or other documents, later this week if you would like.  You are also able to make appointments ahead of time to guarantee you have a slot booked!
As per your review form, you would like this review to focus on:
• APA 7
• Scholarly Writing
Paragraph Formatting/Overall Structure & Movement
White-collar Crimes
Kimberly Vamper
Walden University
FD002 Introduction to Criminal Justice Research
David Dibari
12-09-2020
White-collar Crimes
In these modern times, various crimes are being committed.  You will want a stronger hook here that shows the reader exactly what you will be addressing in your paper.  A hook for an introduction, generally, works with the thesis statement.  The hook will inform the reader of the general idea of the paragraph and essay, while the thesis statement will give the reader a more focused understanding of this material.   A good way to see if these are done successfully is to ready only the hook and the thesis statement of an introduction.  If you are able to see the broad idea of the paper through the hook, and the more focused concept through the thesis statement, then you have written a well-crafted hook and a detailed thesis statement.In some of these crimes, there is the use of lethal weapons, while some do not require the use of lethal weapons or force, but they are associated with some form of sophisticated fraud, popularly known as white-collar crimes (More, 2020).   You want to avoid using paraphrases or direct quotes in your introduction/conclusion so that you can show the reader your understanding of the materials, and then back your information with citations throughout your body paragraphs to so the reader the research you have done. This expository paper analyzes the topic of white-collar crimes in criminal justice and its causes and effects.
The term white-collar crime was first conceived in 1939 by an American sociologist, Edwin Sutherland, who defined white-collar crime as “a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of their occupation.” (More, 2020).  In academic writing you do not want to use direct quotes or paraphrases in your first or last sentence of your paragraph or section.  In using your own original thoughts and ideas for these instances you are showing the reader that you fully understand the materials, and are using the research of others to supplement the readers understanding, not your own.  In using paraphrasing or direct quotes to start or end your paragraph, the reader may, very likely, think that you are not an expert on this material and that you must rely on the research of others to make your points for you.  In using research/paraphrasing as a way to support your own original thoughts you come off as much more credible and knowledgably to the reader.  He was the first person to study white-collar crimes and developed the white-collar crime theory to help criminologists and people in society understand that even respected and well-educated people commit crimes.  Remember all information that is not your own original thoughts needs a citation after each sentence.  It seems like you have quite a bit of information here that needs citations, but does not have any.  This would be considered unintentional plagiarism, but could be early correct, so don’t worry! Please remember this is still considered plagiarism, and will need to be immediately corrected.   Sutherland associated white-collar crimes with the educated and well affluent people in society, and we can attest to this with the recent conviction of high profile people who have committed white-collar crimes like Bernie Madoff and Michael Milken. White-collar crimes are non-violent crimes committed for financial gain, with businesses and large corporations being the primary target. The crimes are characterized by the violation of trust, concealment, or deceit. The motivation is to obtain money, avoid losing money, services, property, or secure a business advantage over others. White-collar crimes include money laundering, securities fraud, corporate fraud, and embezzlement. The internet has facilitated the rampant increase and spread of white-collar crimes.
People in workplaces have various degrees of tolerance toward ethical behavior and being careful or diligent in their tasks. Environmental cues and signals at the workplace can push people to behave differently when faced with ethical choices. A perceived ambiguity in environmental cues and signals push employees or people in various organizations to behave unethically. This means that the workplace environment is vital in eliciting desirable or undesirable behavior in employees. Poorly designed job incentives may cause white-collar crimes. When businesses and organizations introduce incentive programs without following a systematic thought process or not appropriate to meet the employee’s expectations, the poorly designed incentives may encourage employee’s unethical behavior (Khan, 2018). The reluctance or lack of concern towards ethics in organizations may encourage and cause white-collar crimes. Professionally, managers are expected to be respectful, have dignity, be compassionate, honest, and promote justice in their leadership. If managers fail to uphold their managerial traits, then there is a high possibility that employees below will behave unethically. An example is when a manager in an investment firm sources expert networks to legalize their firms’ use of inside trading information for stock trading. This behavior may send wrong cues to other employees who may breach security laws for their advantage or the firm’s advantage. Setting aggressive goals may cause white-collar crimes. Self-delegation or delegation of ambiguous directives to employees may encourage people to do anything, even if it is committing white-collar crimes like corporate and securities fraud, to meet the set goals. Setting aggressive goals is the hallmark of this corporate world, and it is part of our business culture, but this may harm organizations. With aggressive goals and ambiguous directives, a blind eye is turned on any means used to succeed, which opens room for unethical tactics (Khan, 2018). An example of these ambiguous corporate directives is the directive for Uber users to use the “Greyball” tool. The tool allowed Uber operators to evade local regulations, and this encourages the operators to devise sophisticated methods of committing white-collar crimes to defraud their users and employer.  You are ending on new information.  Make sure you are not ending your paragraphs with new information,  you want to present this earlier, so that you are able to build and expand on it throughout the rest of your paragraph.
Criminologists agree that white-collar crimes have more damaging effects on the economy and society. The adverse effects of white-collar crimes are not felt immediately after a crime has been committed, but the effects take time to trickle down in the economy. The huge ripple effects of white-collar crimes on the economy are drops in stock price, job loss, court costs, increased consumer price, and prison costs for convicted criminals. These ripple effects are very costly to the economy, and they massively affect businesses and the economy. Defrauding corporates may render them bankrupt, destroying the source of income for many people. The Federal Bureau of Investigation estimates that white-collar crimes’ ripple effects cost the United States of America more than 300 billion US dollars yearly (Legal Information Institute, n.d.). Although white-collar crimes are non-violent, they harm and destroy an individual’s life more than violent crimes. The loss of saving to fraudsters leads to the ruining of families. When people are defrauded, their quality of life is decreased, and they are left vulnerable to drug abuse, mental illness, and may commit suicide. White-collar crimes in society can manifest as corruption, where to do business will require people to bribe their way out. Shell companies are likely to rise to enable white-collar criminals to siphon company profits and assets to third parties discouraging people from investing, preventing society’s growth (Bishop, 2020).
In conclusion,  You don’t want to use “in conclusion” as your introduction to the conclusion.  It is repetitive, not a very strong transition, and may cause your reader to lose focus.  Perhaps you can go back and look over the stronger transitions you have used within this assignment and revise this to reflect that writing style.  convincing white-collar crime is harmful even though it is non-violent. It changes people’s moral and ethical behavior. Factors like poorly designed job incentives, lack of management concern towards ethics, and setting aggressive goals may push people to commit white-collar crimes. To avoid this push, the stressors must be reduced or eliminated to prevent white-collar crimes. The adverse effects of white-collar crime on the economy and society make it the most dangerous crime in the society that needs to be addressed to avoid its significant consequences like job loss, making organizations bankrupt and ruining families.
References
Legal Information Institute. (n.d.). White-collar crime.  Website titles need to be in sentence case and italics as per APA guidelines.  This is no longer used in APA formatting and should be omitted from all future reference entries. https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/white-collar_crime#
Khan, R. (2018). White-Collar Crimes—Motivations and Triggers.. https://www.forbes.com/sites/roomykhan/2018/02/22/white-collar-crimes-motivations-and-triggers/?sh=4a362b591219
More, H. (2020). White-Collar Crime https://thefactfactor.com/facts/law/legal_concepts/criminology/white-collar-crime/10894/
Bishop, K. (2020). White-Collar Crime: What It Is and How It Affects Society. https://attorneyatlawmagazine.com/white-collar-crime-what-is-how-affect-society
This is a good start to your document.  Below you will find a summary of the notes I provided throughout the document above—as well as some additional links to help you with revision—and the link to myPASS, so you are able to make a new appointment with me ????  Remember, you are allowed two appointments per week—and you can make these two weeks in advance and cancel 24 hours before the appointment if it is no longer needed.
• (I would like to see you work on including stronger lead-outs in your writing.  Right now, you are ending a lot of your paragraphs and sections on new information, which does not allow your reader to fully understand this information and how it ties to the information being presented in the next sections/paragraphs.  You can use the information I provided above to help you with this and can always reach out to us at the email below with any questions.)
• (You had some minor errors with your reference list.  I modeled corrections to your reference list, provided links to additional sources, and provided links to visuals that will help you as you continue to revise your references.  In addition to this, I also provided you with a webinar that will help you to make sure that your reference list references and revisions match with your in-text citations.  If you have any questions about my feedback or any questions as you continue your revision, please reach out to writingsupport@waldenu.edu and we would be glad to help!)
• (You have some minor issues with omitted words and punctuation.  I would like to see you use Grammarly to help you with this.)
• I would love to continue to work with you on this document as well as your future documents.  Remember, you are able to make two appointments per week, and you can make them two weeks in advance to be sure you have an appointment.  If the appointment is not needed, you are always able to cancel it the day before.  I hope to see you again next week!
• Please feel free to provide feedback on my review—it is anonymous and helps me ensure I am giving students the best reviews possible ????
Tone refers to the writer’s voice in a written work. It is what the reader or hearer might perceive as the writer’s attitude, bias, or personality. Many academic writers mistake a scholarly tone for dull, boring language or a mixture of jargon and multisyllabic, “intelligent-sounding” words. Academic writing, however, does not need to be complicated nor lacking in style (see APA 7, Section 4.7); instead, it can be both engaging and clear.
You should speak as an objective social scientist. This means that everything you say must be unbiasedscholarly, and supported by evidence. According to APA (2020), differences in research “should be presented in a professional, noncombative manner” (p. 114).

  • Avoid      making broad generalizations (“always,” “never”).
  • Avoid      using over-sweeping adjectives (“outstanding,”      “obvious”).
  • Avoid      using adverbs (“really,” “clearly”).
  • Avoid      qualifiers (“a little,” “definitely”).
  • Avoid      emotional language (“It is heartbreaking that so many are      starving”).
  • Avoid      inflammatory language (“Smith’s study was terrible, sickening,      sad”).

Hyphen Basics

hyphen is a punctuation mark that connects words.
Use a hyphen when a compound phrase is used as an adjective to modify the following word:
Example: The peer-reviewed research suggested…
Example: As a fourth-grade teacher, I…
Example: Anderson (1998) tried to avoid face-to-face conflicts.

  • Take the APA Style Diagnostic Quiz for more practice.
  • Review section 4.13 of the APA manual for even more detailed      hyphen guidelines.

You’ve got a good start on these references, but I think you’ll need to tweak their formatting a bit to meet APA guidelines. See the examples in our Common Reference List Examples document to get an idea of how references to journal articles, books, web pages, etc., you may review the following links:
Walden Reference List Examples
Best Practices for Citation Software
Webinar: APA Citation Basics
Edit question’s attachments..

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help

Criminal homework help.

This Written Response Assessment requires you to complete your own research in your area of interest on diversion, reentry, probation and parole, and rehabilitation treatment programs. Please note the specific requirement for each response.
Submission Length: 4 prompts with responses ranging from 4–6 paragraphs in length
Professional Skills: Information Literacy and Interpreting Data & Quantitative Fluency are assessed in this Competency.
 
Your paper is much too short.  You did not follow the directions for this assignment.  You need to describe specific programs.  Your discussion is two general.  You need to discuss a specific diversion program, such as drug courts.  You need to discuss specific reentry program, such as cognitive programing.  You need to discuss a specific probation program, such as day reporting centers.  You need to summarize studies that show that these programs are effective.  What is the evidence that they are effect?  Your paper is much too short. You did not describe a domestic violence progam.

Criminal homework help